Welcome to MCQ Sets and this first lesson of Computer Networking. In this video I explain how you can reach up to the Computer Networking text book in Reading section of MCQ Sets site and then proceed to discuss about the Definition, Advantages/Disadvantages and Network Services.
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Definition of Computer Networking
Computer Network is a collection of distributed intelligent machines that are connected with each other with transmission media for the purpose of data sharing, communication and sharing of computer resources.
The definition is explained with the help of a Computer Networking image where different devices are connected; some with cables and some connected wirelessly.
Advantages of Computer Networking
- Management - The computers, staff and information can be well managed
- Accessibility - A network provides the means to exchange data among the computers and to make programs and data available to people•
- Resource Sharing - It permits the sharing of the resources of the machine
- Backup - Networking also provides the function of back-up.
- Flexible working environment - Networking provides a flexible working environment. Employees can work at home by using office computer through networks.
Or, put it in simple words the advantages can be listed as below:
- Sharing devices such as printers saves money.
- Software licenses are likely to be cheaper than buying several standalone licenses.
- Files can easily be shared between users.
- Network users can communicate by email and instant messenger.
- Security is good - users cannot see other users' files unlike on stand-alone machines.
- Data is easy to backup as all the data is stored on the file server.
Disadvantages of Computer Networking
- Purchasing the network cabling and file servers can be expensive.
- Managing a large network is complicated, requires training and a network manager usually needs to be employed.
- If the file server breaks down the files on the file server become inaccessible. Email might still work if it is on a separate server. The computers can still be used but are isolated.
- Viruses can spread to other computers throughout a computer network.
- There is a danger of hacking, particularly with wide area networks. Security procedures are needed to prevent such abuse, eg. a firewall.
- File Services: This includes file transfer, storage, data migration, file update, synchronization and achieving.
- Printing Services: This service produces shared access to valuable printing devices.
- Message Services: This service facilitates email, voice mails and coordinate object oriented applications.
- Application Services: This services allows to centralize high profile applications to increase performance and scalability
- Database Services: This involves coordination of distributed data and replication.
Download Computer Networking Lesson 1 Presentation
You can download the Computer Networking Lesson 1 - Definition, Advantages/Disadvantages & Network Services presentation and run in your computer.